Jerusalem, Hebrew, etc
I offer the following (from our friends at HebrewOnline) as a tribute to Jerusalem and as a small Hebrew lesson.
On May 12, 1968, the government of Israel proclaimed a new holiday – Jerusalem Day – to be celebrated on the 28th of Iyar, the Hebrew date on which the divided city of Jerusalem became united. This year Yom Yerushalayim falls on May 22nd 2009.
!יוֹם יְרוּשָׁלַיִם שָׂמֵחַ
Yom Yerushalayim Same’ax!
Happy Jerusalem Day!
As a background, during the 6-day war, Jordan joined Egypt and Syria and attacked Israel from the East. On the second day of the war, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) captured Mount Scopus (הַר הַצּוֹפִים, har hatsofim) and besieged the Old City. On the third day of the war, on June 7th 1967, the Paratroopers Brigade (חֲטִיבַת הַצַּנְחָנִים, xativat hatsanxanim), under the command of Colonel Motta Gur entered the Old City through the Lions’ Gate (שַׁעַר הָאֲרָיוֹת, sha’ar ha’arayot). At 10:00AM Motta Gur announced: “The Temple Mount is in our hands, Over!… All forces Cease Fire. Over!” (“!הַר הַבַּיִת בְּיָדֵינוּ, עֲבֹר!… כָּל הַכּוֹחוֹת חָדַל אֵשׁ. עֲבֹר”).
You can watch the entrance into the Old City and listen to the words of Motta Gur and Moshed Dayan here.
The following are some useful Hebrew phrases related to Jerusalem (they should help you if/when you visit the city):
Translteration: ha’ir ha’atika
Translation: The old city
Translteration: ir bira
Translation: capital city
Translation: The Western Wall
Significance: A remaining wall of the Second Temple (516 BCE – 70 CE) that is revered for its proximity to the sacred Holy of Holies on the Temple Mount, which is the most holy place in Judaism. This is the holiest location available for Jewish people to pray at. It is sometimes referred to as the Wailing Wall, referring to Jews mourning the destruction of the Temple.
Zion (Tsiyon) – this is now a male name (appears in the Middle Ages- 19th century).
“Zion” is another name for Jerusalem and Israel. Its origin is found in Jerusalem’s name prior to its occupation by King David:
“Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion, the same is the city of David.” 2 Samuel 5, 7
I hope to post some more info on this soon.