Who among you fears the Lord and obeys the voice of His Servant?

Archive for December 12, 2007

The Dead Sea Scrolls and New Testament I


The Dead Sea Scrolls (well – a few fragments from the scrolls) made it to Korea and they will be here until June.  Meanwhile – we have a few illustrious scholars (Emanuel Tov, Weston Fields, Bruce Zuckerman) giving lectures on the DSS (Dead Sea Scrolls).  Today, together with Dr. Sun Myung Lyu (who is teaching a modular on Psalms at Torch), we made it to the museum and listened to Dr Peter Flint from Trinity Western University, Canada.  His lecture was about the DSS and the New Testament.  He had some interesting and useful information for students of the Bible.  In the next few days, I will try to post some of his insights.

First of all, it is interesting to note that the community at Qumran had the same 3 favorite OT books as the New Testament writers.  In fact, it is instructive and illuminating to take a look at the “top six” books found at Qumran, and to compare them with the most quoted books in the New Testament:


6.  Leviticus (9 copies)                    6.  Minor Prophets (30 times)

5.  Exodus (14 copies)                    5.  Genesis (39 times)

4.  Genesis (20 copies)                   4.  Exodus (44 times)

3.  Isaiah (24 copies)                      3.  (Deuteronomy (54 times)

2.  Deuteronomy (27 copies)          2.  Isaiah (66 times)

1.  Psalms (34 copies)                     1.  Psalms (79 times)

It is clear that both “the Qumran community and the NT writers had the same three favorite books: Isaiah, Deuteronomy, and Psalms.  It seems that the “theme in Isaiah that fascinated the Qumran community and the New Testament writers is the Messiah.  The main theme that interested both community in Deuteronomy was the COVENANT…and both communities “quoted Psalms to praise God, and interpreted others as referring to the Messiah and the end of times.”

More on this soon.